JAKARTADAILY.ID - The City Innovation Center and Smart Community from Bandung Institute of Technology (Institut Teknologi Bandung, ITB) recently conducted research which resulted in the Digital Transformation Ratings and Indonesia Smart Cities 2021.
As a result, five major cities rank outstandingly in the Green Cities: Climate Change Concern category.
On Tuesday, in a written statement in Bandung, Professor Suhono Harso Supangkat, as Chair of the ITB City Innovation Center and Smart Community, explained that the five cities are Semarang, Surabaya Bogor, Bandung, and Tangerang.
According to Professor Suhono, the indicator of a smart city is how a city can manage various resources effectively and efficiently to solve various challenges using smart solutions to provide infrastructure and city services that can improve the life quality of its residents.
"The assessment in this category is carried out specifically to determine the city's support in dealing with climate change issues that have an impact on the earth's surface heat from increasing CO2 levels," he said.
The indicators that measure support for climate change include the use of renewable energy, minimizing fossil-based vehicles, and managing the environment.
In a more detailed explanation, the indicators discuss related issues, energy substitution, implementation of energy-efficient vehicles, use of public transportation, and the addition of green open spaces.
He said that problems in urban areas also grew along with the increasing flow of urbanization.
He noted population density in urban areas with uncontrolled carbon gas emissions could threaten global climate change.
According to the Urban Transition Coalition, cities are responsible for 75 percent of the world's total carbon emissions.
Various activities that can protect environmental ecosystems, such as waste management, water management, and environmentally friendly alternative energy, need to be developed.
In this regard, several cities in Indonesia have realized the importance of reducing the impact of global climate change.
With the government being one of the most important agents of change, still, the people play a more significant role in battling climate change.
The article was translated from Pikiran-Rakyat.com's article titled "Bandung Masuk Daftar Lima Kota Peduli terhadap Perubahan Iklim Menurut ITB".